Yuan Chengye, the renowned Chinese chemist who played a vital role in the "Two Bombs, One Satellite" project, China's nuclear and space programme, died on Jan 9 aged 94.
Born in Shangyu county in Zhejiang province, Yuan was a Chinese Communist Party member, a renowned organic chemist specialising in chemical extraction and organophosphorus chemistry and an academician at the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Yuan graduated from the National College of Pharmacy in 1948 before receiving a vice-doctorate in science in the Soviet Union in 1955. In 1956, he worked as a researcher at the Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
In order to help with China's national defence project "Two Bombs, One Satellite", Yuan suspended his ongoing research on amino acid and peptide synthesis in 1959. He then successfully developed the P-204, N-235 and P-350 extraction agents, which have played a key role in the atomic energy industry's development.
For his outstanding contributions to national defence, Yuan was awarded a medal and certificate by the State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence, and was elected as an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1997.
At the age of 90, Yuan was still working hard on extracting, recycling and utilizing lithium for the nation's strategic resources. The idea of recycling and utilizing lithium was raised by Yuan more than 10 years ago.
A morning memorial service for Yuan will be held at the Shanghai Longhua Funeral Parlor on Jan 15.